Supported by:
Indexed in:

Longtermism and the Law

Our actions (and inactions) may have historically unique consequences for humans living hundreds or even thousands of years into the future, but their rights and interests are rarely represented in current political and economic systems. Contributors to this symposium discuss the role of law in sustaining and improving life hundreds or even thousands of years into the future. This symposium is an outcome of the presentations at the 2022 Multidisciplinary Forum on Longtermism and the Law, co-organized by the University of Hamburg and the Legal Priorities Project.

Read all articles >>

Krieg, wie er auch hieße

Wie das russische Recht das Sprechen und das Schweigen formt

Continue reading >>

A War By Any Other Name

How Russian Law Shapes Language and Instills Silence

Continue reading >>

ADVERTISEMENT

Volume 4,
Issue 2
July 2022

JUS COGENS

AND MORE ARTICLES…

9/11, zwei Jahrzehnte später: eine verfassungsrechtliche Spurensuche

9/11 hat sich zum 20. Mal gejährt. Welche Spuren hat dieses Ereignis in der globalen und nationalen Verfassungs- und Menschenrechtsarchitektur hinterlassen? Dieser Frage gehen wir gefördert von der Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung in einer Folge von Online-Symposien nach und bringen Rechtswissenschaftler:innen aus verschiedenen Regionen und Rechtskulturen ins Gespräch.

Read project's articles >>

Referendar_innen gesucht!

Noch keine Wahlstation?

Bei uns sind im Sommer und Herbst noch Plätze frei

Jetzt bewerben!

Subscribe and get our editorial via email!

Privacy

LATEST POSTS

SORT
FILTER


mode

Strict
13 August 2022

Wie privat ist der Staat an der Spitze?

Der Streit um das Altkanzlerbüro von Gerhard Schröder legt die ungeklärten Fragen in der Abgrenzung von privater und staatlicher Sphäre im Verfassungsrecht offen. Continue reading >>
0
12 August 2022
,

The Rise of the Constitutional Protection of Future Generations

Constitutions worldwide have seen the rise of future generations. Considering the 193 UN member states, Kosovo, Palestine, and Taiwan, 41% (81 out of 196) of constitutions explicitly referenced future generations as of 2021. We find that this trend started in the early 1990s, lagging behind environmental constitutionalism by two decades. Why do constitutions increasingly refer to future generations? Based on a comprehensive data collection including all constitutions ever written, we argue that future generations are a significant part of a modern, universalist language of constitution-making. Continue reading >>
0
,

Privacy in Peril

On Saturday, 25 June 2022, American women woke up to a different reality – one day earlier, in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization, five justices on the US Supreme Court decided that the US Constitution does not protect a woman’s right to terminate a pregnancy. This undoing of women’s autonomy comes in part from the Dobbs majority’s failure to recognize that the right to terminate a pregnancy derives from a right to privacy. Roe and Casey recognized that reproductive freedom implicates bodily integrity and physical privacy, along with a decisional privacy interest in the critical life choices surrounding reproduction and family planning. In the space of a single day, the Dobbs Court eviscerated the freedom and the privacy rights Americans have relied on since 1973. Moreover, in an era driven by an information economy and rapidly expanding surveillance technologies, the Dobbs Court’s eradication of the right to terminate a pregnancy also severely compromises informational privacy, which involves the right to shield information from disclosure. Continue reading >>
0

Extra-Constitutional Commitment Mechanisms

The solution to many public dilemmas requires long-term effort by successive generations. Such situation arises whenever the solution to a public dilemma cannot be implemented instantaneously but is dependent on the continuous effort of future governments (and their citizens). In this post I discuss the problem of securing intergenerational cooperation, focusing on the challenge of designing long-term commitment mechanisms. I will also reflect briefly on the tension between commitment mechanisms and the democratic ideal of citizen sovereignty (allowing each generation to make its own choices). Continue reading >>
0

Von der Freiheit der Zukunft auf den Boden der Tatsachen

Hitze und Dürre kennzeichnen den Sommer 2022. Waldbrände in Spanien, Portugal, Frankreich, Italien, Tschechien und auch Deutschland sind Symbol für die Folgen der Klimakrise. Hitzewellen sind bereits heute wahrscheinlicher und intensiver. Die Auswirkungen auf den Menschen sind unübersehbar. Tausende Hitzetote wurden aus Europas Süden gemeldet. Dazu kommen Ernteausfälle, die Rationierung von Trinkwasser und Einschränkungen der Industrie wegen mangelndem Kühlwasser (z.B. AKWs) und reduzierter Transportkapazitäten der Frachtschifffahrt. Continue reading >>
0

Why Banning Russians from Schengen Is Unlawful

Volodymyr Zelensky, the Prime Minister of Finland and others have been calling for an EU-wide ban of Russian citizens from Schengen visas. Unquestionably, the horrible crimes perpetrated by the Russian state should be punished. But Russians are citizens of a totalitarian state, they are not Putin. And whether we like it or not, there is no legal way under current EU law to adopt a blanket citizenship-based ban against Russians acquiring Schengen visas. Even more: political attention paid to it by persons in leadership positions is deeply surprising, if not irresponsible. Continue reading >>
11 August 2022
,

Narrow Rules are not Enough

With continuing proliferation of increasingly capable AI systems, we will need regulation to address the associated risks. Since our ability to foresee such future risks is very limited, our best bet is to base such regulation on relatively general principles, rather than narrow rules. We think that negative human rights with their existing broad international support could form a suitable foundation both for flexible regulation and for the associated technical solutions. Continue reading >>
0

An Intertemporal Perspective on Intergenerational Equity

The traditional understanding of intertemporal law is not persuasive – a modified intertemporal approach to intergenerational equity is necessary. This approach would have to shift the perspective of intertemporal law from a retrospective present-past relationship to a future-oriented perspective. Instead of observing the evolutionary developments of law over time and retrospectively applying them at a certain point in the future, the new approach departs from the contemporary legal regime and attempts to anticipate its prospective evolutionary developments – with regard to intergenerational equity only. Continue reading >>
0
,

Mein Spion ist immer bei mir

Am 11. Mai hat die Europäische Kommission ihren Entwurf einer „Verordnung zur Festlegung von Vorschriften zur Prävention und Bekämpfung des sexuellen Missbrauchs von Kindern“ vorgelegt. Die ersten Reaktionen auf den Entwurf waren kontrovers. Bei näherer Betrachtung bündelt der Entwurf einerseits Maßnahmen zur Bekämpfung sexualisierter Gewalt, die seit geraumer Zeit geläufig sind, deren technische Probleme und rechtliche Zweifelsfragen aber nach wie vor nicht vollständig bewältigt sind. Neu ist andererseits, dass nach der vorgeschlagenen Verordnung die Individualkommunikation auf bestimmten Kommunikationsdiensten großflächig und teils anlasslos auf bestimmte Inhalte durchsucht werden soll. Gerade dieser Teil des Entwurfs ist besonders kritisch zu bewerten. Continue reading >>
10 August 2022

The Future of European Climate Change Litigation

On 7 June 2022 the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) relinquished jurisdiction to the Grand Chamber to hear the application lodged on 28 January 2021 on behalf of Damien Carême, former mayor of the Commune of Grande Synthe in France. While the case shares some characteristics with other climate change cases pending before the Court, it differs in some key respects, making it a unique case of its kind at the moment. The Court will have to be open to a shift towards a more ecological interpretation of the Convention and demonstrate its ability and talent to rise to the historic task required. Continue reading >>
0

Solidarity Across Time

I want to focus on the question of what the future can do for us – a question less asked, and which may seem antithetical to the idea of responsible behaviour now, and yet which is simply a part of the idea of solidarity across time. Its practical importance is that it strengthens the relationship between the present and future and so gives a more persuasive and coherent basis for solidaristic behaviour now Continue reading >>
0
,

Law must be enforceable

The Court of Justice of the European Union ruled on 01.08.2022 that administrative decisions refusing family reunification must be open to judicial review with a legal remedy. The decision had been long awaited. The underlying article only provided for a legal remedy “against”, not “for” a transfer decision. The CJEU clearly rejects this view and emphasizes that administrative decisions must generally be subject to judicial review, which is a hindrance to the EU Commission's plans to significantly reduce the number of legal remedies in the revised EU legislation. Continue reading >>
0
09 August 2022

Paths Untaken

If the development of certain technologies, such as advanced, unaligned AI, would be as dangerous as some have suggested, a long-termist legal perspective might advocate a strategy of technological delay—or even restraint—to avoid a default outcome of catastrophe. To many, restraint–a decision to withhold indefinitely from the development, or at least deployment, of the technology–might look implausible. However, history offers a surprising array of cases where strategically promising technologies were delayed, abandoned, or left unbuilt, even though many at the time perceived their development as inevitable. Continue reading >>
0
,

Is Legal Longtermism Common Sense?

The past decade has seen a growing interest in protecting future generations from risks associated with climate change, pandemics, artificial intelligence, and other potential threats. Philosophical theories have developed in parallel, and those associated with the view that one should be particularly concerned with ensuring that the long-run future goes well have been referred to as longtermism. In the context of law, these theories form the basis for legal longtermism, the set of views associated with the claim that law and legal institutions ought to protect the far future. Based on a pair of recent empirical studies we show that legal experts and laypeople alike believe that the law should protect the long-term future much more than it currently does; that legal experts believe that the law can predictably and feasibly protect the long-term future; and that these beliefs hold true across major demographic subgroups. Continue reading >>
08 August 2022
, ,

Immer noch lückenhaft

Am 27. Juli 2022 hat die Bundesregierung ihren Entwurf für ein „Gesetz für einen besseren Schutz hinweisgebender Personen sowie zur Umsetzung der Richtlinie zum Schutz von Personen, die Verstöße gegen das Unionsrecht melden“ offiziell vorgestellt, dessen Kern das geplante Hinweisgeberschutzgesetz (HinSchG) bildet. Mit dem HinSchG wird der deutsche Gesetzgeber erstmals ein Stammgesetz zum Thema „Whistleblowing“ schaffen, also der Aufdeckung von Rechtsverstößen und anderen Missständen durch Organisationsinsider. Der Entwurf weist jedoch gerade in vielen besonders Whistleblowing-relevanten Bereichen erhebliche Lücken auf. Continue reading >>
0
05 August 2022

Krieg, wie er auch hieße

Wie das russische Recht das Sprechen und das Schweigen formt Continue reading >>
0

A War By Any Other Name

How Russian Law Shapes Language and Instills Silence Continue reading >>
0

Klassismus und Grundgesetz

Das Vorhaben der Ampel-Regierung, mit dem Bürgergeld „Hartz IV“ abzulösen und durch die Corona- und Energiekrise ausgelöste Debatten um soziale Entlastungsmaßnahmen (zuletzt auch hier) bestätigen, dass Armut in Deutschland ein Maß erreicht hat, das strukturelle sozialstaatliche Korrekturen erfordert. Um Armut effektiv zu begegnen, bedarf es jedoch auch eines Umdenkens auf Verfassungsebene. Eine Zusammenschau des Sozialstaatsprinzips und der Gleichheitsgarantien bietet Schutz vor klassistisch-intersektionaler Diskriminierung. Continue reading >>

An Uncounted Confidence Vote

On 22 July, the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab, Pakistan’s largest province, convened to elect a new Chief Minister. Punjab’s political turmoil is the first trial run of the Court’s drastic reconfiguration of Pakistan’s political regime with a judgement this May that completely eliminates legislators’ ability to vote against the party line in confidence matters. Departing from essential principles of parliamentarism, the Court has incorporated the notion of executives remaining in office without the confidence of the House into Pakistan’s constitutional framework. The difficulties that already have arisen from working this party-centric parliamentarism demonstrate its dangers for democratic consolidation and underline the need for the Court to reconsider its position. Continue reading >>
0

Paradigmenwechsel im Infektionsschutzgesetz?

Die im ersten Gesetzesentwurf zur Regelung der Zuteilung pandemiebedingt knapper intensivmedizinischer Behandlungskapazitäten ausdrücklich vorgesehene Zulässigkeit der ex-post-Triage ist – nach zum Teil heftiger Kritik – aus dem aktuellen Entwurf gestrichen worden. Allerdings ist die Diskussion um die grundsätzliche rechtsethische, im Speziellen auch um die strafrechtliche Bewertung dieser Fallkonstellation alles andere als beendet. Continue reading >>