14 July 2021

An Appeal to Polish Authorities

Mr Mateusz Morawiecki

Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland

Mr Zbigniew Ziobro

Minister of Justice, Prosecutor-General

Mr Mariusz Kamiński

Minister of the Interior and Administration, Minister-Coordinator of Secret Services


Gdańsk,14 July 2021


Dear Prime Minister, dear Ministers,

We are writing to express our deep concern about the detention of Mr Bartosz Kramek, a Polish activist and the Chair of the Supervisory Board of the Open Dialogue Foundation (ODF), a Poland-based international NGO on the frontlines of the fight for the rule of law in the country. Since 2017, ODF, its activists and associated entities have become targets of multiple government-sponsored attacks and disinformation campaigns in retaliation for their much-needed watchdog activities, including keeping EU bodies apprised of the alarming developments in the country.  

On 23 June, at 11:00, Mr Kramek was arrested by Internal Security Agency (ABW) officers, at the request of the Regional Prosecutor’s Office in Lublin (Poland). After his detainment, he was transported from Warsaw to Lublin to be presented with “charges” and questioned. On 24 June 2021, the Prosecutor requested the court to place Mr Kramek under unconditional pre-trial detention. The day after, on 25 June 2021, the court approved placing him under detention with a bail of 300,000 PLN to be delivered by 8 July 2021. The prosecutor filed an objection, which means that, irrespective of the payment, Mr Kramek will not be released until the court’s decision becomes final, that is, until the second-instance court examines the prosecutor’s appeal. If the court agrees, a well-known government critic and civic activist will be put behind bars for at least 3 months, making him a political prisoner in an EU Member State.

We believe that the case against Mr Kramek and ODF is an example of the government’s efforts to silence its critics and induce a chilling effect on civil society. It is important to note that, under the current government, the public prosecution service has been completely politicised and made subordinate to the party in power. Using tactics known from states like Russia, Belarus or Turkey, the prosecutor’s office accuses Mr Kramek of “hiding funds in tax havens”, “laundering dirty money,” and “having ties to shady businesses”, implying an illegal source of ODF’s funds, which were then supposed to finance the Foundation’s “actions against the interest of Poland”. The same accusations were used to place the wife of Mr Kramek and the President of ODF, Mrs Lyudmyla Kozlovska, on the Schengen Information System (SIS) blacklist. The Warsaw Voivodeship Administrative Court, which had access to the file, revoked the decisions on her inclusion three times, stating that the materials provided by the Internal Security Agency were “generic” and “insufficient to make a decision on refusal”.

Since 2017, when ODF took a public stance against PiS’s full-scale assault on the rule of law in Poland, it has become the target of persecution by government agencies and the media which support the ruling coalition. Among others, in the last few years, the Foundation was subjected to repeated customs and fiscal inspections that did not reveal any irregularities. The Polish government was also unable to provide reasons for refusing to grant a residency permit in Poland to Mrs Lyudmyla Kozlovska – the wife of a Polish citizen – and to provide justification to other EU Member States for placing her on the SIS blacklist. It is worth noting that this listing was ignored by, among others, the governments of Germany, France, Belgium and Switzerland as well as the United Kingdom.

As you are no doubt aware, as a counter-offensive, ODF filed around 20 lawsuits against the ruling party’s officials and their cronies in 2019. Those cases that have been resolved have been victorious for ODF. In fact, the day before his detainment, Mr Kramek flew into Warsaw to attend the trials which form a part of ODF’s legal counterattack. Thus, we believe the timing of your actions is not a coincidence.

The arrest also suspiciously coincided with the introduction of a new, controversial law, complicating the process of posting bail and granting the prosecutor the power to reject it, as well as with ODF’s planned launch of a “Hall of Shame” platform with draft indictments against the party leadership, its cronies & even individual police officers abusing their power when using violence against protesters.

Finally, we find it strange that the Polish government seeks legal help from the Russian government despite the fact that, as documents show, neither ODF nor Mr Kramek’s company had any business relations with Russia. Any activities carried out by the Foundation in Russia are solely devoted to the protection of human rights. Likewise, “intelligence” from formerly corrupt Moldovan authorities, which ODF was in conflict with over human rights violations, does not seem particularly credible.

We urge you to immediately release Mr Kramek and cease the political persecution of the Open Dialogue Foundation. There is no reason to fear that, if necessary, Mr Kramek will not appear in court, making his detention unsubstantiated and thus unlawful. The prosecution has also separated Mr Kramek from his wife, who resides in Belgium and is barred from seeing him due to the entry ban you keep in place despite the three aforementioned court rulings obliging you to lift it. Such actions run counter to EU principles and the community of democratic countries grounded in the rule of law and the respect for human rights. Until Mr Kramek is released, we – just as the international community at large – will perceive him as a political prisoner, and your actions as comparable to those of undemocratic states like Russia, Belarus or Turkey.


Yours sincerely,


Lech Wałęsa, former President of the Republic of Poland & Nobel Peace Prize laureate




Prof. Bruce Ackerman, Sterling Professor of Law and Political Science, Yale University, USA

Prof. Alberto Alemanno, HEC Paris, France

Kaliaskar Amrenov, former political prisoner and human rights activist, Kazakhstan 

Maksut Appasov, former political prisoner and human rights activist, Kazakhstan

Prof. Leszek Balcerowicz, former Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, Poland

Prof. Andrzej Blikle, entrepreneur, Master in Confectionery, Poland

Robet Biedroń, Member of the European Parliament (S&D), Poland

Michał Boni, former Minister and Member of the European Parliament (EPP), Poland

Michał Broniatowski, journalist, Onet.pl, Poland

Serhiy Burov, Director of the Educational Human Rights House, Ukraine

Andrew Chernousov, Vice-Chair of the Kharkiv Institute for Social Research, Ukraine

Prof. Piotr Chrząstowski, University of Warsaw, Poland

Halyna Coynash, Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group, Ukraine 

Prof. Paul Craig, St John’s College, Oxford University, UK

Wojciech Czuchnowski, journalist, Gazeta Wyborcza, Poland

Mark Demesmaeker, Senator, former Member of the European Parliament (ECR), Belgium

Gunnar M. Ekelove-Slydal, Deputy Secretary-General, Norwegian Helsinki Committee, Norway

Dr. Gerhard Ermischer, President of CINGO of the CoE, Austria

Władysław Frasyniuk, former “Solidarity” oppositionist & Freedom Union Chairman, Poland

Beata Geppert, French literature translator & activist, Poland

Igor Grigoriev, political refugee in Spain, electoral expert, Moldova

Prof. Gábor Halmai, European University Institute, Florence, Italy

Agnieszka Holland, film director, President, European Film Academy, Poland

Emin Huseynov, Executive Director, Institute for Reporters’ Freedom and Safety, Azerbaijan

Serik Idyryshev, former political prisoner, Kazakhstan

Bota Jardemalie, political refugee, lawyer, human rights defender, Belgium

Danuta Jazłowiecka, Member of the European Parliament (EPP), Poland

Nurgul Kaluova, former political prisoner and human rights defender, Kazakhstan 

Jakub Karyś, President, Committee for the Defence of Democracy, Poland

Paweł Kasprzak, political & human rights activist, leader of the Obywatele RP movement, Poland

Daryn Khasenov, former political prisoner and human rights defender, Kazakhstan 

Daniyar Khassenov, human rights defender & victim of political persecution, Kazakhstan

Nikolay Koblyakov, President, Russie-Libertés, France

Prof. Dimitry Kochenov, CEU Democracy Institute, Hungary

Jakub Kocjan, co-leader of the Student Anti-Fascist Committee at Warsaw University, Poland

Marek Kossakowski, anti-communism oppositionist, fmr leader of the Green Party, Poland

Igor Kotelianets, Head, “Association of relatives of political prisoners of the Kremlin”, Ukraine

Jacek Kucharczyk, sociologist, President, Institute of Public Affairs, Poland

Danuta Kuroń, former “Solidarity” anti-communist oppositionist

Jarosław Kurski, First Deputy Editor-in-Chief, Gazeta Wyborcza, Poland

Marta Lempart, co-leader of the Polish Women’s Strike, Poland

Linus Lewandowski, Leader of Homokomando, Poland

Krzysztof Lisek, former Member of the European Parliament (EPP), Poland

Oleksandra Matviichuk, Head of the Board, Center for Civil Liberties, Ukraine

Wojciech Maziarski, journalist, writer, anti-communist oppositionist, Gazeta Wyborcza, Poland

Prof. Kalypso Nicolaidis, European University Institute, Italy and University of Oxford, UK

Bartłomiej E. Nowak, politologist, economist, Vistula Group of Universities President, Poland

Ilia Novikov, former defence lawyer of President Petro Poroshenko, Ukraine/Russia

Nurbol Onerkhan, former political prisoner, Kazakhstan

Eugen Panov, former political prisoner of the Kremlin, Ukraine

Prof. Laurent Pech, Head of Law & Politics Department, Middlesex University, UK

Tetiana Pechonchyk, Head of the Board, Human Rights Center ZMINA, Ukraine

Prof. Vlad Perju, Boston College Law School, USA

Prof. Thomas Perroud, Université Panthéon-Assas, France

Prof. Tadeusz Pilch, University of Warsaw, Poland

Prof. Sébastien Platon, University of Bordeaux, France

Wojciech Przybylski, Editor-in-Chief, Visegrad Insight, Chairman at Res Publica Nowa, Poland

Dominik Puchała, co-leader of the Student Anti-Fascist Committee at Warsaw University, Poland

Helen Pushkarskaya, Associate Research Scientist, Lecturer, Yale School of Medicine, USA

Piotr Pytlakowski, screenwriter and journalist, “Polityka” weekly, Poland

Vadym Pyvovarov, Executive Director, Association UMDPL, Ukraine

Piotr Rachtan, Editor-in-Chief, The Constitutional Monitor, Poland

Jacek Rakowiecki, journalist, anti-communism oppositionist, Poland

Roberto Rampi, Senator, Member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, Italy

Anna Rurka, Past-President, Conference of INGOs of the Council of Europe

Kostiantyn Rieutskyi, Executive Director, Charity Foundation East SOS, Ukraine

Prof. Susan Rose-Ackerman, Emeritus, Yale University, USA

Prof. Wojciech Sadurski, University of Sydney and University of Warsaw, Australia/Poland

Isabel Santos, Member of the European Parliament (S&D), Portugal

Mikhail Savva, Chairman of the Board, Expert Group “OWL”, Ukraine

Prof. Stefan Schennach, Member of the Austrian Parliament and PACE, Austria

Prof. Kim Lane Scheppele, Princeton University, USA

Anna Schmidt-Fic, teacher, leader of Protest with Exclamation Mark, Poland

Oleg Sentsov, filmmaker, former political prisoner of the Kremlin, Ukraine

Sebastian Słowiński, co-leader of the Student Anti-Fascist Committee at Warsaw University, Poland

Yegor Soboliev, former journalist and People’s Deputy of Ukraine, Ukraine

Prof. Antonio Stango, President, Italian Federation for Human Rights, Italy

Maximilian Steinbeis, Editor-in-Chief, Verfassungsblog

Katya Stelmakh, lawyer, Stelmakh & Associates LLC law firm, USA

Klementyna Suchanow, author, co-leader of the Polish Women’s Strike, Poland

Helena Szmuness, former BBC journalist, daughter of prof. Wolf Szmuness, Poland

Łukasz Szopa, Wiceprzewodniczący Komitetu Obrony Demokracji

Prof. Dariusz Szostek, University of Opole, Poland

Marcin Święcicki, former Minister and Mayor of Warsaw, Poland

Róża Thun, Member of the European Parliament (EPP), Poland

Ugur Tok, Director, Platform for Peace and Justice, Belgium

Bakhytzhan Toregozhina, Head, Ar.Rukh.Khak, Kazakhstan

Ekaterina Tskhai, human rights defender, Kazakhstan

Ana Ursachi, lawyer, human rights defender, Moldova/Belgium

Julie Ward, former Member of the European Parliament (S&D), UK

Prof. Josef Weidenholzer, former Member of the European Parliament (S&D), Austria

Bartosz T. Wieliński, Deputy Editor-in-Chief, Gazeta Wyborcza, Poland

Andrzej Wielowieyski, former MEP, senator and “Solidarity” oppositionist, Poland

Kajetan Wróblewski, journalist, “Asymetryści” foundation, Poland

Ali Yildiz, attorney, member of the Ankara and Brussels bar associations, Turkey

Leyla Yunus, Director, Institute for Peace and Democracy, Sakharov Prize laureate, Azerbaijan

Arif Yunusov, former political prisoner and human rights defender, Azerbaijan

Iskander Yerimbetov (with family), former political prisoner, political refugee, Switzerland 

Tomáš Zdechovský, Member of the European Parliament (EPP), Czech Republic

Zhanat Zhamaliyev, former political prisoner and human rights defender, Kazakhstan 

Mykhailo Zhernakov, Chair of the Board, DEJURE Foundation, Ukraine

Prof. Fryderyk Zoll, Jagiellonian University, Poland

Beata Zwierzyńska, Member of the Standing Committee, Conference of INGOs of the Council of Europe, Poland

Vladimir Osechkin, refugee, President of New dissidents foundation and Gulagu.net project, France


as well as


Ar.Rukh.Khak, Kazakhstan

“Association of relatives of political prisoners of the Kremlin”, Ukraine

Cień Mgły: oddolne wsparcie Strajku Kobiet, Poland

DEJURE Foundation, Ukraine 

Education in Action, Poland

Freedom Advocacy Human Rights Foundation, Austria

Global Committee for the Rule of Law “Marco Pannella”, Italy

Homokomando, Poland

The Hope Project Polska Foundation, Poland

Human Rights Foundation “Freedom Kazakhstan”, USA 

Human Rights Movement “405”, Kazakhstan 

Human Rights Movement “BostandyQ”, Kazakhstan

Human Rights Movement “Elimay”, Kazakhstan 

Human Rights