Constitutional Constraints meet Political Pressure

The Finnish Constitutional Law Committee had already in April adopted a critical position towards the COVID 19 crisis measures in the EU. Last week the Committee continued its critical examination. It came to the conclusion that the Eurogroup decision to essentially remove all conditionality from the new loan facility of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) is incompatible with the Finnish Constitution and expressed serious doubts about its compatibility with EU law. The Committee also repeated its concerns about the accumulation of financial risks deriving from EU membership.

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In der Pandemie stirbt die europäische Solidarität

Im Angesicht von Corona versuchen die Regierungen in Europa momentan, Wege zu finden, das Virus einzudämmen. Vieles erscheint auf den ersten Blick sinnvoll, um die Entwicklung zu verlangsamen, und als Symbolik, um auf den Ernst der Situation hinzuweisen. Viele Länder des Schengen-Raumes haben obendrein die Wiedereinführung von Binnengrenzkontrollen und absolute Einreiseverbote für Personen aus „Risikogebieten” beschlossen. Auch dies dient angeblich dazu, das Wachstum der Infektionsrate abzuflachen, zeigt aber ein ordnungspolitisch überformtes Verständnis von Virusbekämpfung, dem die notwendige gesundheitspolitische Komponente weitgehend fehlt.

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Responding to the Nation-State Law: Norms and Narratives of Solidarity in Israeli Constitutional Law

The Nation-State Law saga revealed in Israel’s constitutional politics three constitutional narratives while only two are conventionally recognized. . This third narrative is usually disregarded by the Israeli Jewish public and perceived as marginal or even as an existential threat. But in the debates about the Nation-State Law the force of this narrative became apparent and it is about time to shed light on the presence and the value of this alternative narrative.

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Asyl und Migration – Recht und Wirklichkeit

Vernünftige und angemessene Reaktionen in Gesetzgebung und Rechtsanwendung sind, wie so häufig, auch in der Asyl- und Migrationspolitik zugleich die kompliziertesten, unbequemsten und langwierigsten, aber letztlich doch die einzig möglichen Wege, auch wenn sie die Ziele nicht immer zu vollster Zufriedenheit erreichen werden. Leider ist viel Zeit durch gut gemeinte Appelle, auch solche an die gesamteuropäische Solidarität, durch halbherzige bis völlig ungeeignete Reaktionen und teilweise durch abstruse, jenseits des rechtlich Möglichen und des tatsächlich Vollziehbaren liegende Reaktionsvorschläge vergeudet worden. Je länger dieser Zustand andauert, desto schmerzlicher für alle wird das schlussendlich unausweichliche Umsteuern.

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European Defence: Myth or Reality?

After the attacks of November 13, the French President François Hollande called for Europe’s help in the fight against ISIS and islamist terror. Europe justified its inaction by arguing that the Treaties leave no choice. Especially, Article 42 would only make viable the intergovernmental procedure, i.e. bilateral agreements that every state should stipulate with France. It cannot be neglected, though, that the first six paragraphs of Article 42 draw a common strategy in the defence and foreign affairs sectors, which has to be followed with the consent of all the States. Now, this shared – even if not exclusive – competence of the EU was not triggered. Why not?

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European Defence: Myth or Reality?

After the attacks of November 13, the French President François Hollande called for Europe’s help in the fight against ISIS and islamist terror. Europe justified its inaction by arguing that the Treaties leave no choice. Especially, Article 42 would only make viable the intergovernmental procedure, i.e. bilateral agreements that every state should stipulate with France. It cannot be neglected, though, that the first six paragraphs of Article 42 draw a common strategy in the defence and foreign affairs sectors, which has to be followed with the consent of all the States. Now, this shared – even if not exclusive – competence of the EU was not triggered. Why not?

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Deutschland und die Flüchtlingskrise: von wegen Reluctant Hegemon

Deutschland unter Angela Merkel wird oft als “reluctant hegemon” beschrieben, als gutmütiger Riese, der am liebsten gemütlich weiter seinen kleinen provinziellen Garten bestellen würde, sich aber widerwillig von den Weltläuften gezwungen sieht, einer ihm aufgedrängten Führungsrolle in Europa und der Welt gerecht zu werden. Ich habe immer größere Zweifel, ob diese Beschreibung stimmt.

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Responsibility Sharing of Asylum Seekers in the EU: Good Quality First Reception is the Key

Why are we surprised that asylum seekers will go to great efforts to arrive somewhere where they have a chance of decent reception conditions rather than being forced to live on the street or locked up in horrific detention centres? Clearly good quality first reception is the key to equitable distribution of asylum seekers. Until there are good quality reception facilities available in all Member States there is no point even addressing the question of responsibility sharing.

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