07 Februar 2020

This is not a drill

Four years ago, in the cursed year 2016, when first the Brexit referendum and then the Trump election shook the liberal democratic basic trust in the reasonableness of the world to the core, I experienced with an almost physical intensity a sensation after each of those events which I hadn’t known before: It’s incomprehensible. It defies logic. It doesn’t add up, it’s in nobody’s interest, it doesn’t make any sense at all. And yet it happens. I felt that in my knees and in my stomach and in my head.

That sensation returned last Wednesday. In the placid central German state of Thuringia, the regional leader of the liberal FDP (which in the elections had barely managed to get into the state parliament with 5,0005% of the votes), had been elected Prime Minister with the votes of the FDP, the CDU and the far-right AfD. The guy was elected in a perfectly legal, constitutional, democratic way to wield executive power over the state of Thuringia and determines the guidelines of all its government policy. He was elected by a coalition which includes a party led by a fellow whom the leader of the Thuringian CDU himself had called a Nazi. He had absolutely no way to form a viable government, and the whole stunt fell apart only 24 hours later with the barely elected Prime Minister stepping down again in disgrace. But nevertheless: it had happened. It had happened. Because the AfD wanted it that way.

Why did they do that? What for? What were they trying to achieve? Nobody seems to be able to give an even remotely convincing answer to this question (least of all those who equate the previous PM, the popular former union man and left-wing moderate Bodo Ramelow, with left wing extremism in order to justify their voting along with right-wing extremists, a pitifully transpicious and futile rationalisation attempt.) Obviously there are some in the Thuringian CDU who regard the AfD as pretty much the party they would wish their own CDU to be anyway – but that doesn’t explain why all CDU MPs voted as they did. Some tried to sugarcoat the news with words like „adventure“ and „departure into the unknown“, as if this were all just an Enid Blyton novel. Others search for the solution to the riddle in the stupidity of the Thuringian CDU and FDP politicians involved: To sit on this open and actually not all that terribly cleverly built trap of the AfD with their whole broad butt as if it were a sofa – what in Christ’s name were they thinking! Surely they must have lost their marbles. To pathologize the whole thing off is certainly a popular, if not very effective coping strategy.

In 2016, when 17 million Brits voted for Brexit, it was not a decision of reason. These were not people who said: All things considered, it’s better for us and for me if we quit. On the contrary, people knew very well that they would be worse off. But they didn’t care. Even more: they cherished it. There was a moment of collective self-empowerment coming with it, to do no longer what one should do according to reason and self-interest, but what one wants to do. That was the great temptation, and some 17 million people, led by a tousle-haired, notoriously lying buffoon and in their vast majority feeling powerless and surrounded by constitutional and human rights demands for reasonable justification, enthusiastically fell for it.

With Trump it was pretty much the same.

I don’t mean to equate this Thuringia thing with Trump and Brexit, of course. But perhaps this is the explanation why CDU and FDP did the inexplainable: Maybe they felt that sulphurous, exciting whiff of pure decision in their noses, too. The self-empowerment of saying: Hell, let’s just do this! Let’s make this baldy fellow with his five-percent party Prime Minister! Just because we can! This is what gets the inner Porsche engine roaring for the typical FDP guy, and for a large part of the CDU apparently as well.

Whatever happens now to this 24-hour Prime Minister and his pathetic stunt, one fact will remain – the just-because-we-can party AfD will be able to say from now on: Look, not only have you voted with us. Not only did you accept the election. No, more than that: you are like us. You want this decisionist kick just as much as we do. Inside each one of you there is a little AfD guy who wants out. Just doesn’t dare.

And they’ll be right.

The louder the Porsche engine, the harder the crash barrier, and a totalled car is usually not the only damage on the scene: That FDP fellow (no need to remember his name) at least managed to made his mark in the annals of the state of Thuringia by dismissing all the ministers of the previous government without replacing them. This means that there are no ministers in the Thuringian government for the time being. (Staatsexamen candidates, watch out: if I were your examiner, I would ask how this affects the second chamber of Parliament, the Bundesrat. Will Thuringia’s four seats now remain empty until the election of a new government? Only members of the state government can represent their state in the Bundesrat (Article 51 I Grundgesetz), and only ministers are members of the state government (Article 70 II Thuringian Constitution). That’s correct, well done! But what about that FDP fellow? Discuss!)

Now, to make the chaos complete, even that is not certain. MICHAEL MEIER and ROBERT WILLE have taken a close look at the norms in question and come to the conclusion that the ministers of the former left-wing government may legally still be in office as care-takers, even if they aren’t aware of it. x

USA, Germany

Speaking of car wrecks: In the USA, the impeachment proceedings against President Donald Trump have ended this week with an acquittal. MATTIAS KUMM spends half the year as a professor at NYU in New York and was kind enough to tell us at length how he assesses the situation. The Ukraine case, in his opinion, was probably unsuitable from the outset to build a consensus on where to draw the line of what is unacceptable from the US president. The Republicans and their voters, to the extent that they did not find Trump’s extortion methods just fine, did at any rate not consider it bad enough to overrule the democratic decision of the citizens in the election.

So here we are: there is no room for a quasi-legal procedure such as impeachment, by means of which the country ascertains its minimum standards beyond different political interests and preferences. If one side says that our man, as long as he is just our man, should be allowed to do what he wants, just because he can – then that is the negation of any possibility of a legal procedure. The only thing left to get rid of these people again is – if at all – the ballot box.

Launch Event

The Centre for Fundamental Rights at the Hertie School warmly invites the readers of Verfassungsblog to attend the launch event of the Centre on 20 February 2020, 6 pm.  

Susanne Baer, Başak Çalı, Cathryn Costello and Patricia Sellers chaired by Arjun Appadurai will debate fundamental questions on fundamental rights – are they losing or gaining ground, or holding their own in this era of heightened contestation? Do they still provide a lingua franca for legitimate legal and political decision-making? Are current rights and accountability structures fit for the 21st century and the challenges it has brought?

Please register online.

In Germany we have almost got used to the fact that a constitutional and functional right to vote is somehow out of reach for us. The current Bundestag, or to be more precise: the CDU/CSU faction seems to have come to the conclusion that it’s okay to not have one for the next genral elections in 2021, as if that were a matter of political utility. With all due urgency, SOPHIE SCHÖNBERGER calls on the parliament to acknowledge that keeping your own mandates safe is not a legitimate reason to block the electoral law reform forever.


So, now, with a sigh of relief after so much bad news, we turn to Poland, where… oh, wait.

The infamous „muzzle law“ has been signed by President Duda this week and will now come into force next week. Then we’ll see judges punished for simply doing their job, and not bowing to the „will of the people“ usurped by the governing PiS party, in a way which was considered utterly inconceivable in the EU until very recently. Surely the EU Commission will not be so brazen as to regard the abolition of judicial independence in a member state a treaty violation? Or even, heaven forbid, request an injunction from the ECJ? Hush, my agitated soul: not the slightest word of disapproval has, as far as I know, crossed Ursula von der Leyen’s lips yet.

Oh, and by the way: Since we all seem to agree that what occurred in Thuringia was „inexcusable“ (Angela Merkel) and“unacceptable“ (Markus Söder) – may I discreetly remind both that they still share a common party on the EU level with Viktor Orbán’s Fidesz?

In any case, in Poland, the PiS government has let their Constitutional Court rottweiler out of the kennel after the Supreme Court’s decision on the lack of ability of all judges appointed since March 2018 to administer justice independently. WITOLD ZONTEK reveals the background and ramifications of this conflict, and why the injunction of the Constitutional Court against the decision of the Supreme Court is going nowhere.

The PiS government, just like the Hungarian, loves nothing more than to throw its critics into confusion by pointing to supposed role models in supposedly impeccable democratic constitutional states. Marcin Wachoł, the deputy Minister of Justice, recently tried to do this with the Netherlands: There, too, a law was being drafted that would forbid judges to decide on political matters, he tweeted. Oh well, what are you going to do. Someone will have to take the trouble to debunk this nonsense, for whatever it’s worth, right? In this case MARC DE WERD has thankfully taken over that job.</